IndiaWhat is going to be the connection of rain in India ahead...

What is going to be the connection of rain in India ahead of dust storms running in West Asia? Revealed in new study


Climate change-driven dust storms: Due to climate change, the outbreak of dust storms is increasing in West Asia. But, it is possible that due to its effect, there will be an increase in Monsoon Season Rainfall in India. Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bhubaneswar have made this claim in their study. This study has recently been published in the journal ‘Climate and Atmospheric Science’. According to the study, dust from the deserts of West Asia reaches the Arabian Sea and this can increase the rainfall in South Asia. Especially when there are severe drought conditions in the Indian region.

According to an earlier study, dust from the deserts of West Asia and North Africa increases the rate of rainfall in India over a short period of a week or two.

According to the study, this is possible because due to this dust, the Arabian Sea is heated, which is the energy source for the movement of moisture-laden winds in the Indian region.

The researchers said this relationship is stronger now during years of drought caused by El Nio (oceanic currents). El Nio and El Nia are climate patterns of the Pacific Ocean that have the potential to change climates around the world.

Researchers have indicated that rain from this dust has an effect on the entire South Asian monsoon and acts as an artery to increase rainfall even during drought conditions.

V Vinoj, assistant professor in the School of Earth Oceans and Climatology at IIT Bhubaneshwar, said, “The Indian region is facing massive rainfall deficit due to climate change and the monsoon pattern has also changed.”

“However, with the increase in global temperature and change in wind direction, we can expect more dust storms in West Asia in the coming years,” Vinoj said. Under favorable conditions, these dust particles can be transported up to the Arabian Sea and this can bring short-lived but heavy rains over the Indian region.

Gopinath Nandini and Satyendra Kumar Pandey of IIT Bhubaneswar are involved in this research. The researchers also established that rainfall has decreased due to anthropogenic actions and that this pattern will continue for decades to come.

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