It has been reported that air-borne disasters affecting the world have increased fivefold in 50 years.
According to the news in the BBC, the research of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) covering 50 years revealed that the number of disasters caused by weather conditions has increased by 5 times since 1970.
While scientists pointed out that factors such as climate change and harsh weather conditions are behind the increase in natural events such as storms, floods and droughts, it was stated that improvements in early warning systems helped reduce the number of deaths.
According to WMO’s research, more than 11,000 disasters occurred between 1970 and 2019.
As a result of these disasters, while more than two million people lost their lives, there was an economic loss of 3 trillion 64 billion dollars.
WMO Secretary General Prof. Petteri Taalas warned that the number of extreme weather events will increase further due to climate change.
Stating that more heat waves, droughts and forest fires have been observed recently in Europe and North America, Taalas said, “The amount of water vapor reaching the atmosphere is increasing, which leads to excessive rains and deadly floods. The warming of the oceans has affected the impact area and frequency of tropical storms. ” used the phrase.
More than 90 percent of deaths due to air disasters occurred in developing countries, according to the study.
While 650 thousand people lost their lives due to drought, extreme temperatures took about 56 thousand lives. But over the 50-year period, the total number of deaths from disasters fell sharply.
On the other hand, while there was an economic loss of approximately 49 million dollars a day between 1970-79, this amount increased 7 times between 2010-2019 and reached 383 million dollars a day.
The economic impact of hurricanes Harvey, Maria and Irma, which hit the United States in 2017, accounted for 35 percent of the total loss from the top 10 disasters between 1970 and 2019.
While pointing out that improvements in warning systems are helping to save lives, it was pointed out that there is more work to be done in the research.
It was reported that only half of the 193 WMO member countries have multiple hazard early warning systems.
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