WorldThe Security Council renews the arms embargo in the Central African Republic...

The Security Council renews the arms embargo in the Central African Republic for one year


AA / Peter Kum

The United Nations Security Council adopted on Thursday (July 29th) a resolution extending for one year the arms embargo imposed since 2013 on the CAR, as well as the travel ban and the freezing of the assets of certain persons and designated entities. by its Sanctions Committee.

The Security Council decided on Thursday that until July 31, 2022, all member states must continue to take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of weapons to the Central African Republic, to from their territory or through their territory or by their nationals, or by means of vessels flying their flag or aircraft registered with them.

This resolution was adopted with 14 votes.

China for its part abstained from voting this resolution, the Chinese delegation to the Council considered that the maintenance of the arms embargo has become an obstacle to the efforts of the Central African government aimed at promoting peace and reconciliation.

The lifting of this embargo is a question of sovereignty and corresponds to the wishes of the CAR and the countries of the region, insisted the Chinese delegation.

In the resolution, however, the Council defined a series of areas to which these terms do not apply, for example in anything relating to humanitarian assistance or the delivery of essential provisions and supplies to the Integrated Multidimensional Mission. of the United Nations for stabilization in the Central African Republic (Minusca), to the forces of the CAR or to the French troops, as specified in advance by the Sanctions Committee.

The Council also decided to renew until July 31, 2022 the travel ban and asset freeze set out in paragraphs 9, 14 and 16-19 of Resolution 2399, and extended in Resolution 2536.

The lifting of the embargo was eagerly awaited by the Central African authorities, the day after the presidential and legislative elections last December.

But the resumption of fighting by rebels from the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) certainly weighed on the Security Council’s decision on Thursday.

Imposed in 2013, the arms embargo in CAR had been extended several times by the United Nations Security Council, then lightened in January 2020 in favor of the defense and security forces.

According to the January 2020 resolution, the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) could equip themselves with armored vehicles, with the possibility of being armed with a caliber of less than 14mm and a half. This decision was reviewed 6 months later by the Security Council.

As a reminder, the Central African Republic had fallen into instability and violence since 2013, following the overthrow of François Bozizé whose presidential candidacy of December 27, 2020 was rejected.

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