WorldThe poet who left a mark on Turkish literature with his works:...

The poet who left a mark on Turkish literature with his works: Orhan Seyfi Orhon

Orhon, who was born in Istanbul Çengelköy on October 23, 1890, as the children of Miralay Mehmed Emin Bey and Nimet Hanım, graduated from the Poolside School, which he attended after Çengelköy Primary School, in 1902. The author, who attended secondary school in Beylerbeyi Rüştiyesi, completed his high school education in Mercan High School in 1909.

During his student years, Orhon became interested in poetry with the support of his literature teacher Celal Sahir Erozan. He wrote poems under the influence of Abdülhak Hamit Tarhan, Cenap Şahabettin and Tevfik Fikret. In the following years, he was influenced by Ziya Gökalp.

Orhon, whose first poems were published in Samanyolu magazine in 1909, wrote the poem “Storm and Snow” in 1913, where he became known in the literary world.

The master of literature, entered the Medical School for his university education, but dropped out when he became ill in the practice of anesthesia. Orhon graduated from Istanbul University (Darülfünun) Faculty of Law in 1914.

Orhon, who worked as a civil servant in the Parliament for a while, continued to work as a literature teacher at the War Academy, Harbiye School, Istanbul Boys’ High School, Erenköy Girls’ High School, Pertevniyal High School and Italian High School after the government was formed in Ankara and the parliamentary offices were abolished. He did journalism.

He was among the Five Syllables

Together with Orhan Seyfi Orhon, Enis Behiç Koryürek, Halit Fahri Ozansoy, Yusuf Ziya Ortaç and Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel, he formed the group known as “Five Syllables” in Turkish literature. The group of five poets wrote their works in syllabic meter and in the spoken folk language after the constitutional monarchy. The poems and writings of the group, which wrote their works in line with the “national literature” movement, were published in the magazines “Turkish Woman”, “Poet”, “Büyük Mecmua”, “Servet-i Fünun”, “Ümit” and “Yarin”.

In 1919, the poet’s book “The Story of the Fairy Girl and the Shepherd” was accepted as one of the successful examples of the understanding of plain Turkish poetry with syllables.

When Orhon’s book “Gönülden Sesler”, published in 1922, did not meet his expectations, he started writing humor in the magazine “Aydede”, published by Refik Halit Karay, and continued with “Ayine” and “Vulture” with Yusuf Ziya.

Orhon, who wrote his poems in a clear Turkish with gentle and sincere feelings, left a mark in the literary world with the works he wrote.

Orhon, who started poetry with prosody and gave a successful example of this in his poem “Storm and Snow”, also wrote poems like ghazal by adapting divan poetry patterns to syllabic meter.

Orhan Seyfi Orhon’s poems and articles were also published in the magazines “Literature Newspaper”, “Speed ​​Up”, “Ayda Bir”, “Her Ay”, “Her Şey” between 1932-1938.

His name became synonymous with the magazine “Çınaraltı”

Orhon, whose name is identified with the weekly Turkist intellectual and art magazine “Çınaraltı”, which was supported by Yusuf Ziya Ortaç for a while, presented the magazine to the readers’ appreciation between 1941-1944.

The master of letters returned to journalism in 1945 with his articles in Tasvir-i Efkar newspaper, and wrote his articles in Cumhuriyet and Ulus newspapers.

Orhon, who was elected Zonguldak deputy from the Republican People’s Party in 1946, supported the Democrat Party after the 1950s.

Orhan Seyfi Orhon was a deputy of Istanbul between 1965 and 1969 in the Justice Party, which he joined after the May 27 coup.

Continuing to write during his years in politics, he worked as a columnist in the newspapers “Milliyet”, “Tasvir-i Efkar”, “Cumhuriyet”, “Ulus”, “Zafer”, “Havadis” and “Son Havadis”.

The piece “Veda” was composed in muhayyerkurdi mode.

In his works, apart from the themes of love and women, disconnected from the real world; More than 20 poems of the poet, whose love works with the melancholy of natural beauties, were composed by different composers.

Orhon’s piece “Farewell”, which he wrote after his 10-year-old daughter died of cancer, was composed by Yusuf Nalkesen in 1951 in muhayyerkürdi mode. The work, which attracted great attention in the art world, has been interpreted by many famous names until today.

Orhan Seyfi Orhon died on August 22, 1972 in Istanbul due to a heart attack.


Poetry: “Storm and Snow”, “The Tale of the Fairy Girl and the Shepherd”, “Voices from the Heart”, “She Was a White Bird”, “Caravan”, “Satires”, “Poems”

Story: “Asri Kerem”, “Wedding Night”

Novel: “Child Man”

Article-Anecdote: “Flicks”, “Yesterday Today Tomorrow”, “Ear to Ear”

Monographs: “Abdülhak Hamid”, “Mehmet Akif”, “Yahya Kemal”, “Ziya Gokalp”

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