Twenty-four-year-old Tong Ying is the first victim of the newly enacted National Security Act. The verdict comes more than a year after an incident that took place during a rally of a group of protesters in July last year. He is accused of riding his bike into a group of Chinese policemen carrying a Hong Kong separatist flag. The nine – year sentence is the equivalent of life imprisonment in China. But no one was injured in the incident
Last year, China introduced a new security law to crack down on Hong Kong protesters. While China argues that this is a stern warning to those who agitate against the country, human rights organizations around the world and groups fighting for such freedom say it is a gross violation of human rights.
Carnivorous law of China
‘Free Hong Kong, this is our struggle’ – these were the words of a criminal who was in the hands of the imprisoned Thong Ying at the time. The Chinese government’s attempts to annex the former British colony of Hong Kong and the military laws it enforced against it turned the locals against the center. What is happening in Hong Kong now is similar to what the world sees in India on the Kashmir issue
China imposed a new security law on Hong Kong last year after a series of uprisings and bloodshed. The prosecution applied for a maximum sentence of three years in prison, but the court ruled in favor of life imprisonment. In this regard, the Chinese position is that there is no need for foreign intervention in China’s internal affairs.
Hundreds of protesters have been arrested since the law was enacted, but this is the first time anyone has been convicted. Thong, who was arrested last year, was jailed for a year without bail. China has also banned the use of his flag and slogan.
The first thing China did before enforcing the law was to eliminate the special judicial system that separates Hong Kong from the legal system in other parts of the country. Later it became the voice of Hong Kong to seek out and exclude the people who had been at the forefront of the struggles for so long. Opposition leaders such as Joshua Wong, prominent journalists Jimmy Lai, Gainath Ho and Leung Kwok have all been implicated in fraudulent cases.
All the institutions, including newspapers, schools and museums run by them, were closed. Later this year, the U.S. warned its agencies to study the law better.
China had reduced the jurisdiction of the courts in Hong Kong to a maximum. Beijing has been given full decision-making power over issues, including the new security law. Similarly, those arrested in cases and so on cannot use their own lawyers in Hong Kong.
History of Hong Kong
Hong Kong was ceded to China on July 1, 1997, after nearly 150 years of British rule. But there were some conditions in it. That means Hong Kong will be an independent region in China for the next 50 years. Two laws in one country. Accordingly, Hong Kong can enjoy this freedom until 2047.
But the people were opposed to joining China. The people of Hong Kong have defended China through moves such as the Umbrella Movement in 2014. Their demand was for free elections in Hong Kong. Not only did China oppose this demand outright, but it also began to impose special rules on Hong Kong to prevent further such demands from coming from there.
The worst protests were in 2019. The main outcry was against the transfer of detainees, especially from Hong Kong, to Chinese sovereign prisons. But China, which physically confronted the protesters, later came up with a new security law called the Karnak Act.