Temperature rises above 49 degree centigrade in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh
According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD) data, Banda recorded the highest ever temperature in May. The previous maximum temperature in the district was 48.8 degree Celsius on 31 May 1994. Earlier, the temperature in Delhi and Uttar Pradesh went up to 49 degree centigrade and above. In Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh and Bihar, the temperature remained above normal by 5.1 degrees Celsius. The minimum temperature in Jaipur on Sunday was 7 degrees above normal. Due to the heat in Gujarat, there was news of birds falling unconscious from trees.
Meanwhile, in the midst of scorching heat in the country, there is news of heavy rains in the areas of the peninsula. Kerala has issued a red alert in five districts. The IMD i.e. Meteorological Department has announced the onset of monsoon in the state by 27 May. Senior scientists of IMD say that this is happening due to cyclonic storms Asani and Karim. As such, the increase in global temperature has already increased by 1.1 °C above the mean temperature level of the pre-industrial period. Meaning that it is only 0.4 °C away from reaching 1.5 °C of the Paris Agreement.
World’s hottest year record may be broken soon
Till a few years ago, it was being said that by the year 2050 or 2040, the temperature of the earth will cross the Lakshman Rekha of one and a half degrees, which is a bell of devastation in the world, but now it seems to be happening in the next few years. Yes, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has said that there is a 50: 50 chance that the Earth’s temperature will achieve a temperature increase of 1.5 degrees in the next 5 years. The report also predicted a 93 percent probability that there could be at least one year between 2022 and 2026 that could be recorded as the hottest year in history, the highest in 2016. Will break hot records.
UN agency chief Petrie Talas has warned that at the same time our oceans will become warmer and more alkaline. Along with this, the ice stored in the sea and glaciers will continue to melt, it will be much more difficult for the glaciers to recover from the effects of global warming. Scientists from Stockholm University and University of California have said in their research that in areas like Greenland, if the ice shelf breaks due to rising temperatures, it cannot stand again even if global warming stops.
Glaciers ice is melting 30% more than before
According to this research published in the international science journal Nature Communications, these ice shelves also reduce the damage caused to the polar ice sheets. Scientists are warning that glacier ice is now melting 30% more than before. This research is especially important for India because there are more than 10 thousand small and big glaciers in the Himalayan region.
Writer – Dr. Seema Javed is an environmentalist and climate change expert.