WorldSTF speaks of Bolsonaro's crime of responsibility and throws the impeachment bomb...

STF speaks of Bolsonaro’s crime of responsibility and throws the impeachment bomb to Lira



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A day after the anti-democratic demonstrations of September 7 and the authoritarian raptures of Jair Bolsonaro, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) reacted harshly against the president, and a broad front of parties began to articulate to try to implement his impeachment. Luiz Fux, president of the STF, spoke of a crime of responsibility when referring to the agent this Wednesday. “If contempt for judicial decisions occurs at the initiative of the head of any of the Powers, this attitude, in addition to representing an attack on democracy, constitutes a crime of responsibility, to be analyzed by the National Congress”, said the magistrate at the beginning of the court session.

The day after September 7 in Brasilia was a reaction to Bolsonaro. The Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) suspended the session on Wednesday, due to the “permanence of restrictions on access to the Esplanada de Ministérios region”. Even the Attorney General of the Republic, Augusto Aras, so criticized for turning a blind eye to the president’s behavior, was encouraged to speak, albeit in a mild tone. “The Constitution is certainly not perfect. She confesses it herself by admitting the reform. As for her, disagreeing, yes. Diverging, yes. Never comply. Never confront it”, said the attorney general during the STF session, echoing Ulysses Guimarães, president of the 1988 National Constituent Assembly.

The main barrier to any punishment for the president is Arthur Lira (PP-AL), the president of the Chamber, a retaining wall that prevents opening any of the more than 120 dismissal requests that are on his desk. Lira also manifested on this Wednesday. The tone in the official speech rose a little, saying that it was time to put a stop to the escalation of the crises and complain about the “bravado” advertised on social networks. He did not quote by name, but it was an indirect message to Bolsonaro and his digital militia. “It’s time to put a stop to this climb, in an infinite looping negative. Bravado on social networks, videos and an eternal platform stopped being a virtual element and started to impact the daily life of Brazil for real”, complained the deputy, who also showed discomfort with the fact that Bolsonaro resurrects the complaints about the electronic voting machine , a matter that Lira thought had been overcome after the overturning of the vote printed in the Chamber.

Throughout the day, however, Lira posed as a potential mediator in the conciliation between the Judiciary and the Executive. He met with the ministers of the Civil House, Ciro Nogueira, and the Secretary of Government, Flávia Arruda, as well as with minister Gilmar Mendes, of the STF. He still tries to arrange a meeting with Fux and another with Bolsonaro. You want to be a firefighter, not an arsonist. His main interest, in fact, is the key to the Union’s coffer. Much of the parliamentary extrabudgetary amendments and nominations for commissioned positions are in the hands of politicians from the Centrão, the group that Lira leads alongside the head of the Civil House.

Without Lira’s kickoff, no impeachment case will go against Bolsonaro. This is an exclusive attribution of the president of the Chamber. A test of how much the deputy is willing to wear himself out could take place by the end of the month. Alexandre de Moraes, STF minister whose decisions Bolsonaro warned from the platform that he will fail to comply, released for trial a series of actions that question presidential decrees to make more flexible rules on carrying and possession of weapons. The trial will take place in the court’s virtual plenary and should take place between the 17th and 24th of September.

In addition to Lira, another one who seeks to appease tempers is the president of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco (DEM-MG). In a speech at the end of the afternoon of this Wednesday, he defended the dialogue between the powers. “It is not with excesses, it is not with radicalism, it is not with extremism, it is with dialogue and respect for the Constitution that we will manage to solve the problems of Brazilians”, he declared. Even before September 7 ended, however, Pacheco announced the cancellation of all Senate activities this week, which was interpreted as a response to the actions promoted by Bolsonaro. The senator from Minas Gerais is a potential candidate for the presidency in 2022.

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Anti-Bolsonaro front

The opposition that is trying to articulate itself, at this moment, has been encouraged by the president of the PDT, Carlos Lupi. On his initiative, representatives of ten other subtitles started dialogues to increase the anti-Bolsonaro demonstrations. These parties may join the mobilization on the next 12th, which, initially, had been planned by two movements that were at the root of pocketbookism, but have abandoned it in recent months: the Free Brazil Movement (MBL) and Vem Pra Rua. The difficulty in joining this group, mostly young people who were also in protests for the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff between 2015 and 2016, is that one day there was already mutual aggression.

In principle, the September 12 protest had as its motto “neither Lula nor Bolsonaro”. The idea was to try to make a third way viable for the two potential main candidates who should polarize the presidential race in 2022. Now, the organizers are reassessing changing this motto and focusing only on the impeachment of the current president, in order to get more people onto the streets.

Leftists studying joining the protest believe that, when there are authoritarian threats, you cannot choose an ally. However, this is still not a consensus. Lupi and Juliano Medeiros (PSOL) are among those who defend the union. Deputy Gleisi Hoffmann, PT president, is more cautious. “It is not a question of adhering to actions that have already been established, but of building the path together”. She insists on the union of leftist parties who, together, do not even have 200 votes in the Chamber. To pass an impeachment, 342.

Gleisi’s concern makes sense. This Wednesday, the PSDB decided that it will no longer behave as an independent party, but as an opponent of the Bolsonaro Government. In the note in which they announced the change of sides, the toucans also took the opportunity to criticize the PT. “It is from the union of these forces that the definitive defeat of the authoritarian project of power that the current occupant of the Planalto Palace embodies will come, and the return of the PT’s political and economic model, also responsible for the deep crisis we are facing.”

Another alternative for these parties would be to join a movement that intends to place former presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) and Fernando Henrique Cardoso (PSDB) side by side on a platform, on September 25th or October 2nd. It would be something similar to what happened during the military dictatorship, when both defended the “Diretas Já”. From this group, other prominent figures trying to embody the third electoral way or articulate an alternative slate to polarization have already shown interest in participating. Among them are former Ceará Governor Ciro Gomes (PDT), former Health Minister Luiz Henrique Mandetta (DEM) and senators Alessandro Vieira (Citizenship), Simone Tebet (MDB) and Randolfe Rodrigues (Rede).

The understanding between these opponents should determine the speed of the deterioration process of the Government, catalyzed this Tuesday by Bolsonaro himself. The day after the act in which he intended to be crowned in the streets of the country, the president saw the main stock market index drop 3.78% and the dollar rise to 5.326 reais, a rise of 2.89%. Perhaps that explains Bolsonaro’s discretion on Wednesday, during which he had only one closed official engagement and hardly stirred up his tumultuous social networks.

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