IndiaSonia Gandhi: How to choose the President in Congress, why the candidature...

Sonia Gandhi: How to choose the President in Congress, why the candidature is not easy, know everything here


new Delhi: After the continuous defeat in the elections, questions are being raised on the leadership of the Congress (Rift in Congress). Not openly, but it has made it home somewhere among all the partymen that some changes can be seen in the party only after coming out of the ‘Gandhi Family’. For most of the time the leadership of the Congress has remained with the Gandhi family. In the coming time, the organizational elections of the Congress are to be held. The president is elected only through elections, but elections in Congress have become a mere formality. It is not so easy to become the president of someone here other than the Gandhi family.

This is how elections in Congress happen

According to the Congress constitution, the first party to conduct elections is the formation of the Central Election Authority. The authority prepares the schedule of elections. The authority appoints one PRO (State Returning Officer) and one to two APROs (Assistant State Returning Officer depending on the size of the states) in each state to conduct elections across the country. Elections to the Congress are held every five years, before the organization elections were held every three years. Now the term of the chairman has also been increased from three to five years. In 2017, Rahul Gandhi, who came unopposed after the organization elections, resigned from the post taking moral responsibility for the party’s defeat in the 2019 general elections.
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Elections were held for the post of Congress President twice in the last three decades. In 1997, Sharad Pawar and Rajesh Pilot had filed against Sitaram Kesari, where Kesari won. While Kesari got 6,224 votes, Pawar got 882 and Pilot got 354 votes. Voting for the second time came in 2000, when Sonia Gandhi was challenged by veteran leader Jitendra Prasad from within the Congress. In that election, where Sonia Gandhi got 7,448 votes, Prasad got a total of 94 votes.

Elections twice in 3 decades


Who handles the post of Congress President in case of emergency?
According to the party constitution, the responsibility of handling the day-to-day affairs of the post of the president vacated by the death or sudden resignation of the incumbent in an emergency falls on the shoulders of the most senior general secretary of the organization. Meanwhile, the CWC jointly chooses the working president, who heads the party until the next full-time president is elected. This process takes about six months to a year. Almost the same situation in front of the party came after the sudden resignation of Rahul Gandhi in 2019, when the CWC unanimously appointed Sonia Gandhi as working president after Rahul did not withdraw his resignation. The ongoing process of organization elections in Congress is to be completed in the coming September-October. In the recent CWC, there was talk of completing it sometime ahead of schedule. It starts with a membership drive.

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What’s going on in Congress right now?
At present, the membership drive is going on in the party, which will continue till March 31. After its completion, booth committee and block committee are formed. Then the district committee is formed. The Block Committee-Booth Committee together elect the representatives of the Pradesh Congress Committee (PCC). One representative is elected from each block. A Central Congress Committee representative or AICC delegate is elected for every eight PCCs. The ratio of AICC and PCC is one-eight. The President of the State Congress Committee and the President of the National Party are elected by the votes of the PCC Delegates. Whereas the Congress Working Committee is elected by the voting of AICC representatives. During the organization elections held in 2017, where the number of PCCs was 9,000, the number of AICC delegates was 1500.

How is CWC formed?

Each new president forms his own Congress Working Committee (CWC), which consists of 12 elected members, and nominates 11 members. But usually the CWC member is elected by the chairman. Apart from the Speaker, this committee consists of the leader of the party in Parliament and other members. To contest for the post of President, a person needs the support of 10 PCC delegates as a proposer. After the completion of the election process, the party calls its session, where the President’s post is formally announced and the CWC is elected.

sonia gandhi rahul gandhi

Congress interim president Sonia Gandhi

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