AA / Istanbul
The International Labor Organization (ILO) said on Wednesday that more than 4 billion people around the world still lack social protection, as the coronavirus pandemic has exposed the gap between countries high income and those with low income.
The Organization said in the World Social Protection Report (2020-2022) that the fight against the epidemic has been uneven and insufficient, which has widened the gap between high-income and low-income countries. returned.
And to note the current inability to provide the necessary social protection due to all human beings.
According to the same report, social protection guarantees access to health care and income security, particularly with regard to old age, unemployment, sickness, invalidity, accidents at work, maternity or loss of basic income.
For his part, ILO Director-General Guy Ryder said: “Countries are at a crossroads … This is a pivotal moment to harness the response to the pandemic, in order to build a new generation. rights-based social protection systems “.
And to stress that protection systems “can protect these people from future crises and provide workers and businesses with the security necessary to face the many transformations to come with confidence and hope.”
According to the report, only 47% of the world’s population currently have effective coverage of social protection benefits.
In contrast, 4.1 billion people, or 53% of the world’s population, do not receive any guaranteed income from their national social protection system.
Europe and Central Asia have the highest coverage rates, with 84% of people covered by at least one social benefit.
The ILO report indicated that the Americas have a rate of 64.3% which remains above the world average. The same source notes, however, notable differences in the Asia-Pacific region with 44%, in the Arab countries with 40% and finally in Africa with 17.4%.
He also indicated that government spending on social protection varies considerably and that countries devote 12.8% of their GDP, on average, to social protection (excluding health coverage).
* Translated from Arabic by Mounir Bennour.
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