Scientists associated with the Chinese Academy of Sciences have claimed that they can make bread through air. He also said that in future humans will not need land for farming. For the first time in the world, a research team from the Thienchin Institute of Industrial Biology synthesized starch using carbon dioxide. Scientists claim that this will reduce the need for humans to use agricultural land in the future. Food can be produced industrially using only carbon dioxide.
Research published in the journal Science
According to this paper by Chinese scientists published in the international academic journal Science, the annual starch production of 3 cubic meter reactor is equivalent to 1 hectare of maize field. If large-scale industrial production can be realized, then mankind will not worry about food shortage. China claims that this achievement has actually exceeded the significance of the Nobel Prize.
Claims to make starch from carbon dioxide
Besides oxygen, the most abundant substance in the air is carbon dioxide. Chinese scientists use carbon dioxide in the reaction that produces starch. In other words, in the future, the bread we eat every day will be made from air. It takes several months for maize to grow from a single seedling in the field, while synthetic starch takes only a few hours. If man can realize industrial methods for the production of food, then the supply of food grains and fodder etc for man will be inexhaustible.
If this happens then there will not be much need for farming.
Chinese scientists say that if this happens, people will no longer need to cultivate large tracts of agricultural land, the cost of raising livestock will be greatly reduced, and existing farms will be transformed into beautiful meadows and forests. Will go This will also greatly reduce the problems of carbon emissions and the greenhouse effect, and the living environment of mankind will be hundreds of times better than it is now.
Starch is found in many grains
In fact, starch is not just a type of food, but also a high molecular carbohydrate. Starch provides more than 80 percent of the calories in all grains, and starch is also an important industrial raw material. There is a long-term search by scientists from different countries to make starch by industrial means. Currently, we emit tens of billions of tons of carbon dioxide every year, and the resulting greenhouse gases have become a problem for governments of all countries. If carbon dioxide could be converted to starch, it would not only reduce the problem of climate warming, but would also completely replace the agricultural planting practices of more than 10,000 years.
The achievement of Chinese scientists is being praised
It has been told in the report that this success of Chinese scientists has advanced the world’s biological science. This achievement is also considered another fundamental success of China after the first artificial synthesis of bovine insulin by Chinese scientists in the 1960s. Over the past millions of years, nature’s plants absorb carbon dioxide. Under the action of temperature and sunlight, the photosynthesis reaction takes about 60 steps to make starch.
Countries like China-India claim to have big benefits
Under maize’s natural photosynthesis, its energy conversion efficiency is only 2 percent. Traditional food production not only uses large areas of land, but also consumes vast amounts of fresh water resources, pesticides and fertilizers. On the other hand, lack of arable land and food security has always been a major challenge for populous countries like China and India.
China won before American scientists
In 2018, US scientists devised a plan to synthesize glucose with carbon dioxide, but earlier in 2015, scientists at the Thienchin Institute of Industrial Biology in China began the journey of carbon dioxide synthetic starch. After 6 years, Chinese scientists finally realized the controllable synthesis of starch in the laboratory, the natural photosynthesis process. This achievement not only has a revolutionary impact on future agricultural production, but also has a milestone significance for the development of the bio-manufacturing industry.
Millions of people still facing starvation in the world
At present, more than 100 million people in the world are still facing the threat of hunger and food security is still one of the major challenges of the future. Scientific achievements of synthetic starch will bring major changes in agriculture. In the future, starch will be produced in factories, which will save more than 90 percent of the world’s arable land and fresh water resources.