WorldNobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 goes to duo that created a new...

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 goes to duo that created a new way to build molecules

Benjamin List and David WC MacMillan, who share the 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Benjamin List and David WC MacMillan won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 for the development of “asymmetric organocatalysis”. This year’s award recognizes “an ingenious way of building molecules,” announced the spokesperson for the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The invention had a great impact on the development of new less polluting drugs and chemicals.

The German Benjamin List, 53, is the director of the Max Planck Institute for Coal Research, an institution created over 100 years ago and currently dedicated to catalysis research. Briton David MacMillan, also 53, is a researcher at Princeton University, USA.

Last year, the French Emmanuelle Charpentier and the American Jennifer Doudna received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for the development of a method for genomic editing”. The researchers developed the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technique, which works like molecular scissors that make it possible to locate (CRISPR) and cut (Cas9) any sequence of the genetic code of an animal, plant or microbe. This technology is “revolutionary” for the life sciences, is contributing to the development of new therapies against cancer and could make the cure for many genetic diseases of genetic origin a reality, highlighted the Academy in 2020.

The prize is endowed with nine million Swedish kronor (5.6 million reais). His announcement follows the Nobel Prize week, which began on Monday with the Medicine prize and continued on Tuesday with the Physics prize. The winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature (Thursday), Peace (Friday) and Economics (Monday of next week) will then be announced.