Thiruvananthapuram: Health Minister Veena George has advised the people to be vigilant as the NIPA has been confirmed for the third time in Kerala. Everyone needs to know what the Nipah virus is and what precautions to take for it. Earlier it was confirmed in 2018 and 2019. Immunizations will be intensified to prevent the spread of the H5N1 virus from infected people. Everyone should understand the scientific information about the transmission and prevention of the disease.
- What is Nipah virus?The Nipah virus is a member of the paramyxovirus family of the genus Henipa virus. This is an RNA. Is a virus. Nipah is a virus that is transmitted from animal to animal.
- How to replace NIPA?It can be transmitted to humans from infected bats or pigs. It can be passed from human to human. It is also possible to transmit the disease to those who care for the sick. Similarly, hospital staff need to be very careful.
- Will the N95 mask resist Nipah?Everyone has been wearing masks since the Covid era. The N95 mask also protects against the Nipah virus. Therefore, those with symptoms of pneumonia and those caring for them should wear the N95 mask, according to health officials.
- What are the symptoms?Symptoms include fever, headache, dizziness, and lightheadedness. Symptoms include cough, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and blurred vision. It is possible to go into a coma within a day or two of the onset of symptoms. There is also a high risk of developing encephalitis that affects the brain. It can also affect the lungs.
- How many days after infection does the virus enter the body?The incubation period is 4 to 14 days after the virus enters the body and causes symptoms. This can sometimes take up to 21 days. It may take several days for the symptoms to clear up, even if there is an infection.
- How does the NIP confirm?RTPCR samples are taken from throat and nose secretions, blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. The disease is confirmed by examination.
- What are the precautions to be taken?Post-mortem treatment is often very complicated for most people. That is why prevention is so important. Precautions to be taken to prevent transmission of the disease from infected bats. Do not go to bat habitats as much as possible. Do not touch or eat bat-bitten fruits or anything else.
- What precautions should be taken to prevent the spread of the disease?Use the mask correctly പാല Maintain social distance · Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water for 20 seconds from time to time. If this is not available, hands should be cleaned with an alcohol-based sanitizer. രം Keep a distance of at least one meter with the patient and away from the patient’s bed.
- What are the things that hospitals need to do to prevent the spread of the disease?ിക്കുക Admit all patients with symptoms to the isolation ward · Wear gloves and masks when talking to and examining people suspected of having the disease എടു Take all precautions against infectious diseases in such patients and inform the patient if the suspected patient is informed.
- What are the security measures to be taken against NIP?കഴുക Wash hands with alcohol-based hand rubs · Handle patient and medical equipment only with patient clothing and blankets · Avoid contact with NIPPA patients and transfer to separate wards. പ്പെടുത്ത Limit the number of health workers in such wards to two. Make sure there is at least a meter distance. It is extremely important to take precautionary measures when caring for the sick or suspected.
- Use of self-defense equipment for Nipahപി The PPE kit, which includes a mask, gloves and gown, should be used throughout contact with the patient. 95 Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before applying the N-95 masks, which can block the air. Washable ഉപകരണ Equipment and other utensils used for care should be kept as disposable as possible. If reuse is unavoidable, it should be ensured that it is done only after proper nuclear disinfection.