Senior journalist Ram Bahadur Rai has made a big claim about the sedition law, which has been the subject of debate from the common people to the judiciary since the independence of the country. He has said in the book that the first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had reintroduced it in the country through an unconstitutional constitutional amendment due to the compulsions of power politics even before the country’s first parliamentary elections. Senior journalist Ram Bahadur Rai, author of several books including ‘Rahbari Ke Sawal’ and President of Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts, has made this claim in his new book ‘Indian Constitution: The Untold Story’. Rai has also been the national secretary of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, the student wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
The book will be launched by Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan and Union Law Minister Kiren Rijiju at the Ambedkar International Center in Delhi on December 9. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address the program organized on the occasion through video conference. Rai claims that the book “lively depicts the historical truth, fact, content and curiosity of reality” of the Indian Constitution. In the book, Rai wonders why Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, gave intellectual, legal, political and moral guidance to the Congress at every turn, but why it was omitted from the history of the Constitution.
He said that the history of the Constitution shows that Nehru was a ‘great’ leader and his personality was ‘contradictory’. In the last chapter of the book, ‘The Return of Sedition’, Rai claims that Nehru had become so ‘annoyed’ with the press and the judiciary that he “forgetting every measure of democracy” and defying all opposition to the First Constitutional Amendment. Through brought a bill to re-implement the sedition law. He wrote, ‘English-era provisions and word traps were reinstated to restrict freedom of expression. Like undefined literal excuses like public interest, security of the state and deteriorating relations with foreign countries were discovered.
He said, ‘The original constitution endowed the citizen with fundamental rights, Nehru got him locked in the cage of the state machinery. The original constitution laid down the limits of freedom of expression, the freedom of expression prohibited acts like defamation of court, false allegations, insulting and defaming anyone.’ Rai has written in the book that in the amendment, three grounds were added, which can never be defined and they will be used at the will of the state machinery.
“This gave the government complete freedom to do whatever it takes,” he said. The book claims that as soon as the constitution came into force, people took refuge in the judiciary in most states for their rights and wherever people challenged the laws that were a hindrance to their rights, the decision went against the government. .
He wrote, ‘These decisions started sabotaging the electoral politics of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru… The strange thing is that the Constitution, which was declared a great achievement by the Congress leaders with great fanfare, they started considering it as an obstacle in the way of their power politics. . Nehru discovered the formula. Removed the liberal and democratic mask from his face. To make judicial intervention impossible, he saw the constitutional amendment as a panacea and got his agenda done regardless of every constitutional limitation.
In another chapter of the book ‘Sardar Patel Mein Gandhi Dikhne’, Rai wrote that Rajendra Prasad as the first President of the country was the choice of most, including Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, but Nehru wanted to see C Rajagopalachari in the position. He wrote in the book that Nehru proposed Rajagopalachari to be made the President in the meeting of the Congress members of the Constituent Assembly, which was strongly opposed, but due to the wisdom of Sardar Patel, the decision was postponed for a few days.