AA / Tunis
Former Tunisian President Mohamed Moncef Marzouki on Friday called on Tunisians to demonstrate en masse next Sunday, to defend the Constitution and democracy, and against the decisions of President Kaïs Saïed.
Marzouki spoke in a filmed address to Tunisians, posted on his Facebook account, amid calls for demonstrations launched by the Hirak “Citizens against the coup” to protest against the exceptional measures of Saïed .
The Hirak “Citizens against the coup” is a gathering made up of militants, activists and citizens who reject the exceptional measures of the Head of State, and had already organized two demonstrations in Tunis on 18 and 26 last September.
Addressing the citizens of his country, Marzouki declared, “I call on you to demonstrate en masse on Sunday to defend the Constitution, democracy, national sovereignty, as well as your dignity and your freedom.”
And the former Tunisian president continues “you must participate en masse in this demonstration, regardless of any partisan, ideological or personal affiliation”.
He underlined “the need for Tunisians to put aside their personal rivalries and ideological dissensions”, observing that “Tunisia is on the verge of bankruptcy, while the psychological state of citizens has deteriorated, in addition to interference in the internal affairs of the country ”.
Marzouki suggested the return of Parliament, the resignation or dismissal of Kaïs Saïed, specifying that Rached Ghannouchi should withdraw from the presidency of the legislative institution in favor of a president, having received the unanimity of all political parties.
“After that, we begin a simple 45-day transition phase to hold early, free and fair elections,” he explained.
Tunisia has been in the throes of a serious political crisis since Kaïs Saïed decided on July 25 to dismiss Head of Government Hichem Mechichi, freeze the powers of Parliament for a period of 30 days, and lift the immunity of deputies, in the framework of exceptional measures. The head of state had also announced that he was assuming executive power with the help of a government of which he will appoint the head.
The tenant of Carthage had decided on September 22 to abolish the provisional body for the control of the constitutionality of bills, to legislate by presidential decrees according to the presidential decree n ° 2021-117 published in the Official Journal of the Republic of Tunisia (JORT ).
The majority of parties rejected Saïed’s decisions, extended sine die on August 24. Some parties have qualified these decisions as a “coup d’état against the Constitution”, while other political parties have been in favor, considering that it is a “restoration of the revolutionary process”, against a backdrop of crises. political, economic, and health (Covid-19).
Tunisia’s democratic transition process began after a popular revolution toppled the regime of then-president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1987-2011) in 2011.
* Translated from Arabic by Majdi Ismail
. . (HAS), ..