WorldJovenel Moise, a man surrounded by enemies inside and outside Haiti

Jovenel Moise, a man surrounded by enemies inside and outside Haiti

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If it was a crime movie in which the officer asks the relative if he knew someone who wanted to kill the president of the Haiti, there would be many names that would appear in the booklet. The assassination of Jovenel Moïse reveals the social and political decomposition in which the Caribbean country has been stagnant since long before the 2010 earthquake reduced the country to rubble.

The murder accelerates chaos and a power vacuum with less than three months to go before an election that set the roadmap for his natural exit from office.

Highly unpopular and labeled as authoritarian, Jovenel Moïse held himself precariously in office. US President Joe Biden welcomed the possibility of holding elections in September and avoiding a crisis that would destabilize the country (and that could eventually increase migration to the US).

Moïse was hated by a group of families among which were the Vorves, owners of the country’s electricity, whom he turned away from the succulent business, one of the main achievements of his administration. To them and other powerful families that control the economy, Moise attributed the coup attempts and being behind other assassination attempts.

Others of his enemies are the dozens of senators —and all the businesses they control in parallel— who would be unemployed if the constitutional reform that was going to be voted on in September were approved and that intended to end with a model of Assembly and Senate to transform Parliament into unicameral. Also within his party, the PHTK, last week’s appointment of a prime minister close to him had created unease and enemies at the top as they were distanced from power.

Haiti’s president had another external enemy: Venezuela. If Haiti’s presidents are sure of one thing, it’s that their term lasts as long as the United States takes its thumbs down. For the past four years, Jovenel Moïse has lived an idyll with Donald Trump due, among other things, to his activism against Venezuela and his decision to sever commercial ties with the Bolivarian world. The Chavez machine responded by leaking documents about an alleged corruption of Moïse linked to PetroCaribe, which started the instability in which the country has been immersed in recent years. It is not by chance that the Haitian authorities leaked in the communiqué announcing the death of the agent that the killers spoke Spanish.

At the same time, Jimmy “Barbecue” Cherizier, a former police officer who leads one of Port-au-Prince’s most powerful violent gangs, empowered by the rise of the kidnapping industry and the arms and drug trafficking, recently appeared on social media calling the seize power and start an “insurrection of the poor”.

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