IndiaJohn Simon was present in the Central Assembly at the time of...

John Simon was present in the Central Assembly at the time of bombing of Shaheed Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt, confirmed by archive documents

New DelhiOn April 8, 1929, revolutionary Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in the Central Assembly of Delhi, when Sir John Simon, the head of a notorious commission, was present. This is confirmed by archive documents. The Simon Commission had to face widespread opposition in India.

Newspapers of the time also reported that two freedom fighters on behalf of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army had dropped red leaflets from the visitors’ gallery with the message – ‘This is a loud bang for the hearing deaf’. Sir John Allsbrook Simon was present in the assembly called Parliament House. This British man was also referred to in the slogan ‘Simon go back’.

The Indian Statutory Commission, commonly known as the Simon Commission after its chairman, was sent to India twice, from February–March 1928 and from October 1928 to April 1929, to study possible constitutional reforms. In 1930, the commission published its two-volume report, also known as the Simon Report. The Simon Commission faced protests and demonstrations in various regions across India, and was greeted with black flags and slogans from Lahore to Patna.

The event of April 8, 1929, popularly known as the Delhi Assembly Bomb Case, has been featured in several films and documentaries, showing the revolutionary duo throwing low-intensity bombs and raising the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ Is. It also depicts shots fired in the air. Both Singh and Dutt surrendered after this incident and some newspaper reports later quoted him as saying that it was only a danger signal to the government to change the system of administration.

The Delhi Archives on Friday celebrated the anniversary of the incident and shared rare archival records on social media, including published reports on the incident and later his trial in 1929.