Abolhassan Banisadr, who became the country’s first president since the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, died in Paris on Saturday at the age of 88. He faced impeachment for challenging the country’s becoming a theocracy and the growing power of the clerics. He left Tehran after being ousted from power. Banisadr’s family said in a statement that he died in a Paris hospital after a prolonged illness.
Banasdra could not hold on to the Iranian government
It is believed that Banasdra could never hold on to the government, due to which the situation went out of his control. The situation worsened due to the US embassy hostage crisis and Iran’s attack on Iraq. This was the reason that the Islamic revolution took place in Iran under the leadership of Ayatollah Khamenei.
Iran’s real power passed into the hands of Khomeini
Real power remained in the hands of Iran’s top religious leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, for whom Banisadr worked while in exile from France and returned to Tehran in the midst of the revolution. However, Khomeini deposed him within 16 months and sent him back to Paris where he lived for decades.
Khomeini was living in exile in France
Before the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini lived in exile in Turkey, Iraq and Paris. Khomeini used to target Iran under Shah Pahlavi for westernization and increasing dependence on the US. In 1953, the US and Britain ousted the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh and handed over power to Pahlavi in Iran. It was Mohammed Mosadegh who nationalized Iran’s oil industry and wanted the Shah’s power to be reduced.
So the Iranian revolution was caused by America?
The task of ousting a foreign leader in a peaceful time was done by the US for the first time in Iran. But it wasn’t the last. After this, it became a kind of part of America’s foreign policy. The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was the result of the US coup in Iran in 1953. The bitterness between Iran and the West did not end in these 40 years.
(with inputs from agencies)