A very big problem before India is the pendency of cases. That is, 20-20 years old cases are going on in the courts. There are such laws in IPC, CPC, Evidence Act by which cases are never resolved and generations of people end but cases do not end. Many such big cases of the country came to the fore in which the hearing continued, but the people involved in it died till death. But the case was not over. In such a situation, the burden of the courts is also increasing continuously and due to this the crime is also increasing.
More than four crore pending cases
There are 4.4 crore pending cases in the country. 10675710 civil cases, 29494541 criminal cases are pending. The data obtained from the website of National Judicial Data Grid shows that 4,01,7025,1 cases are pending. At the same time, due to Corona, its number has increased even more. The number of padding cases in the country has crossed 4.4 crores. This is the highest number of pending cases till date. From the Supreme Court to the Lower Court, the number of pending cases has increased in all places. This year the number has increased by 19 per cent as compared to March last year.
The ongoing exercise of major changes in the law
Union Home Minister Amit Shah mentioned a very important thing during the 51st Foundation Day address of the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D). He talked about reforming the IPC (Indian Penal Code), CPC (Criminal Procedure Code), Evidence Act (Evidence Act). For this, the Center has also received suggestions from various states, union territories, central forces and various non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Now these laws will be changed in consultation with these suggestions and experts. Amit Shah said that we are ready for a major change in the criminal justice system.
Suggestions are being sought from police to NGOs
Addressing the 51st Foundation Day of the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), Shah said consultations with the organization are an important part of the process that has been going on for two years. He has said that the laws have to be changed and they have to be kept in sync with the modern times and Indian conditions. In addition to the 14 states and three union territories, eight central police organisations, six Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) and seven NGOs have expressed their views on possible changes to several British-era laws in force over the decades. Now after churning on these ideas, changes will be made in the laws.
Bar Association is also giving suggestions
According to sources, courts and bar associations are also involved in the deliberations of the Home Ministry. A government official said, ‘Work is going on on this. In his speech, Shah said that the police sometimes face undue criticism, although they are often assigned difficult and sensitive tasks. Though Shah did not elaborate on the suggestions, civil rights activists and laws relating to abuse of freedom of expression may be considered.
These laws may change
All the organizations are demanding to abolish Section 124A (sedition) of IPC. Whereas anti-national activities will need to be made punishable under a law. Many experts have also given suggestions for this. Those involved in the process have also demanded a section to review the bail provisions to protect the underprivileged who cannot arrange for the bail amount. Another major reform sought pertains to hate crimes like lynching which are currently dealt with under the IPC provisions relating to murder.
Changes on the law averting the death penalty
There is also a view that the misuse of mercy petition provision for wasting time before death row convicts face the gallows should be prevented by suitable amendment in the laws. Shah described drone attacks, cyber attacks, drug smuggling, counterfeit currency and hawala trade as the biggest challenges for the police forces and called upon BPR&D to assess the nature of these problems and prepare effective and timely solutions. Asked to study case studies.
Shah said on beat system
Minister of State for Home Nityanand Rai, Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla, Director of Intelligence Bureau Arvind Kumar, BPR&D DG Balaji Srivastava and several senior serving and retired officers of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Central Armed Police Forces attended the event on Saturday. Impressing the need to strengthen the beat system, Shah asked BPR&D to intensify the efforts for better grassroots level policing and technological upgradation.