Forest Some academics who are experts in their field, especially after the fires in the southern parts of the country, which damaged many plant and animal species. red pine shares the view that the ecosystem can be renewed.
First on July 28 Antalyaof Manavgat The fight against the fire, which started in the district and later seen in various parts of the country, continues.
While the fires cause serious damage to many plant and animal species, academics state that the Red Pine ecosystem can renew itself after the fire.
“Helicopters should be the first choice in aircraft preferences in our country”
Karadeniz Technical University (KTU) Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Ertugrul Bilgili, pointed out to the AA correspondent that it is difficult to control the fires seen in recent days due to the outbreak conditions.
Referring to the aircraft used in the fight against fires, Bilgili said that these vehicles can be useful when they work in coordination with the ground crews, and that they have almost no ability to control severe and fast-moving fires on their own.
Explaining that the fires that took place in the last days have clearly demonstrated this situation, Bilgili said, “Helicopters are more advantageous than airplanes with their cost, maneuverability and ability to easily take water from even a very small puddle. Helicopters should be the first choice in aircraft preferences in our country’s conditions.” said.
“In a few years the ecosystem renews itself”
Bilgili also touched on how the plant ecosystem can renew itself in burned areas.
Stating that half of the world’s terrestrial ecosystems were formed by fires, Bilgili said:
“Removing the fire from such ecosystems or changing the fire regime may cause irreversible structural damage in the ecosystem. After the fires, most of the areas in these ecosystems are replanted by afforestation by natural means when the conditions are suitable, and with forest techniques suitable for ecological conditions when the conditions are not suitable. it returns to the forest regime and within a few years the ecosystem renews itself.”
Pointing out that plant species such as red pine and maquis, which are in a dominant position in fire zones, have very important fire resistance mechanisms, Bilgili said, “These species have critical life events compatible with the fire regime and the desire to come to the area after the fire. These characteristics of the species enable them to come back to the burned area after a fire. “In such areas, it is possible to bring the burned area to the forest regime only with protection measures,” he said.
Referring to the well-known misconceptions about the origin and spread of forest fires, Bilgili said, “It is an urban legend that pine cones explode or are carried by the wind and cause a point fire in another remote area. Normal glass shards act as a lens in natural environments and are very unlikely to cause fire. It is not possible to completely burn the trees affected by the fire in the fires. used his statements.
Biodiversity is protected
Bartın University Faculty of Forestry Department of Forestry Engineering Lecturer Prof. Dr. Erol Kirdar He also explained that the plant species spreading in the Mediterranean basin were formed together with the fire.
Explaining that successful red pine rejuvenation can be done by using the controlled burning method in the Red Pine forests, which is an important species in the region, Kırdar made the following assessment:
“Since a large part of our country consists of sloping lands, it is not possible to cultivate the soil in the full area since terrace afforestation is carried out in these areas. In this case, the biodiversity that may exist in the soil after a fire is also preserved.”
Stating that 3-5 years after the fire, the damaged soil fauna is also formed in the soil again, Kırdar stated that afforestation should be carried out without delay with appropriate species, planting, planting and field preparation techniques in order to establish the ecosystem that was destroyed in the fire area in a certain aesthetic and order as soon as possible.
Expressing that the species to be used in the aforementioned studies were selected from the existing natural species in a way to ensure genetic diversity, Kırdar said:
“If afforestation is not started in a short time, what we call wildness will occur in the burning forest areas. The first stage of the ecosystem, which is destroyed by the formation of the unique ecological environment in the forest, is seen with the closedness of the planted saplings in a period of 10-20 years, depending on the species. The forest is above ground, which will create biological diversity. and it begins to become a shelter for underground creatures.”
Pointing out that not only pine species but also other forest tree species can easily burn today, with global warming increasing, Kırdar made the following assessment:
“Especially, creating a safe area 100-200 meters wide by separating the afforestation to be made with important fire-sensitive forest species such as red pine, stone pine and Aleppo pine with fire safety strips and planting fire-resistant species such as cypress on both sides will significantly prevent the burning of large areas. “
. (HAS) . ..