AA / Tunis
More than half of the Central African population, or about 2.8 million people, “is in need of humanitarian assistance and protection,” the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has warned of. his site.
“2.8 million people, two thirds of whom are in need and risk dying without assistance,” said the UN institution, in a publication at the end of June, specifying that “this is the first time in five years that ‘so many people are in need, making CAR one of the most vulnerable countries in the world.
Ocha also specifies that 388,000 Central Africans were forced to move between December 2020 and March 2021, because of the violence that followed the general elections in December 2020 and the recurring clashes between armed groups.
This brings the total of internally displaced persons to over 727,000 and a further 695,000 who are refugees in neighboring countries.
Ocha further explains that “violence and insecurity have disrupted CAR’s main supply route, pushing the prices of basic necessities up to 60%”.
At the same time, “the second wave of the pandemic has worsened the situation by keeping prices high in the markets. As a result, 2.29 million people, or 46% of the population, do not have enough to eat, and more. ‘half a million of these people are one step away from starvation,’ the aid organization concluded.
As a reminder, the Central African Republic has fallen into instability since 2013, despite the signing of several peace agreements between the different factions. The last agreement was signed in February 2019, between the government and 14 armed groups, allowing a certain lull.
But a resurgence of violence was noted after the elections of December 27, 2020, marked in particular by the exclusion of former president François Bozizé and the re-election of Faustin Archange Touadera for a new five-year term.
. . (HAS), ..