WorldCanada: Parliament dissolved, legislative on September 20

Canada: Parliament dissolved, legislative on September 20

AA / Montreal / Hatem Kattou

Federal legislative elections will be held on September 20 in Canada, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced in Ottawa on Sunday.

The election was held as a result of Trudeau’s meeting with Governor General Mary Simon, who accepted the request made by the leader of the Liberal Party to dissolve the House of Commons (lower house of Parliament).

The dissolution of the Parliamentary Assembly automatically means the start of a 36-day electoral campaign and therefore the organization of the vote on September 20.

Following the solemn ceremony held at Rideau Hall (Residence of the Governor General in Ottawa), Trudeau declared that Mary Simon “accepted my request to dissolve parliament”.

“Canadians will therefore go to the polls on September 20,” he said.

Speaking to Canadian citizens, Trudeau said in a speech followed by a press conference: “The choice is yours, it is up to you to speak out on the decisions we plan to make and who will define the future of your children and your grandchildren ”.

Arguing his choice to launch an “early” election, Trudeau said to his fellow citizens: “In this historic turning point, the most important since 1945, you have your say.”

The Federal Prime Minister mentioned in his speech a series of points, including, in particular, the environmental issue and the climate crisis which is shaking the planet, the Covid-19 pandemic which has affected the whole world for nearly 17 months, and a series of socio-economic issues inherent in the daily lives of Canadians.

In the Canadian political system, the Federal Prime Minister has the prerogative, in the event of a minority government (ruling party without an absolute majority), to ask the Governor General (Representative of the Queen of England, honorary position) to dissolve parliament to start new legislative elections.

The 36 days of campaigning is the minimum required. The duration of a Canadian Legislative election campaign varies between a minimum of 36 days and a maximum of 57 days, since an amendment to the law introduced in 2018.

Since the October 2019 election, Justin Trudeau has formed a minority government, failing to obtain an absolute majority after the vote.

The Prime Minister is able to keep this configuration for 4 years, that is to say until 2023, year during which elections must be organized, as he can provoke elections in the hope of obtaining a majority to bypass the blockage in the room.

The Liberal Party, led by Trudeau, has 155 MPs in the current House of Commons, less than 15 seats from the absolute majority threshold, set at 170 votes.

The Conservative Party (the first opposition force) holds 119 seats, the Bloc Québécois 32, the New Democratic Party (NDP) 24 and the Green Party only two. The remaining five seats are occupied by independent deputies.

During his speech, Trudeau noted that “Canada is appalled by the violence in Afghanistan”.

An hour earlier, the Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Marc Garneau, had announced in a tweet the “temporary suspension of diplomatic operations of the embassy” of his country in Kabul.

Only part of the dispatches, which the Anadolu Agency disseminates . (HAS), is disseminated on the AA site, in a summary manner. .